- B.Sc. in Physics, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 1967 (honors).
- M.Sc. in Physics, Tel Aviv University ,1970 (honors).
- Thesis: "The Investigation of High Temperature Phase-Transition of RbH2PO4 by Neutron Scattering"
- Ph.D. in Physics, Tel Aviv University ,1976.
- Thesis: "The Investigation of the Plastic Phase-Transition and the Critical Behavior of
- the Dielectric Constant of a Binary Mixture."
- Plasmonic Enhancement of Photovoltaics(Solar Cells) and Photodetectors;
- Liquid Crystal and MQW Spatial Light Modulators;
- Smart Goggles & Low Vision devices;
- Optical Data & Signal Processing;
- Adaptive Optics;
- Computer Vision and Image Processing .
- Quantum Information Processing