Prof. Shifra Shvarts

Prof. Shifra Shvarts Profile

Professor Emeritus
PhD, 1993

Department : Faculty of Health Sciences
Room : 215
בנין משרדי רפואה ע"ש אליה
Phone : 972-8-6477286
Email : shvarts@bgu.ac.il
Office Hours :  
Health organizations, health Insurance and health services in Israel, History of medicine, Ringworm and irradiation

Education

  • BA. - 1973 - History and Geography, Ben Gurion University of the Negev
  • MA. - 1986 - History, Ben Gurion University of the Negev
  • Ph.D. - 1993 - Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev

Research Projects

  • Development of health services in Israel, health insurance law, public health in Israel during the 1950s, health and immigration history in Israel,
  • History of medicine
  • Ringworm and Irradiation- The historical, medical, and legal implications of the forgotten epidemic

 

Research Abstract

  • The political, social and cultural roots of Israel health system during the pre-state period (1838-1948) and the early years of the State (1948-1960); The changes in the health system that took place in the State of Israel following independence. These studies produced three scientific books in Hebrew and English that received the Einhorn Prize for Hebrew Medical Literature.
  • Israel and health policy in a global era : A research into the operations of international health and welfare organizations in Israel (UNICEF, WHO) and the State of Israel’s operation within these organizational frameworks.
  • Ringworm and irradiation- the ways various countries in the world, including Israel, have grappled with latent negative health risks and other ramifications of irradiation in childhood as a treatment regime for ringworm, and subsequent social aspects of this treatment that have arisen, reflected in legislation of a Compensation for Ringworm Victims Law by Israel and debate elsewhere over how best inform former patients and monitor them.

Research Topics

  • Development of Israel health care system.
  • History of medicine.
  • Ringworm ( tinea capitis ) and irradiation- history of treatment.

Publications and funding summary / representative publications and grants

Honors, Citation Awards:

• 1996-1998, 2000, 2007, Best Lecturer, department of health systems management-faculty for health sciences.
• 2003 – Einhorn Prize for "Achievements in Hebrew Medical Literature".
• 2005 -   Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels – The Governor of Kentucky and the Commonwealth of Kentucky Honor Award for the "contribution to the community, state of nation and for special achievements of all kinds".
• 2012 - Article selected as one of the highlights of the decade and made it available freely through Cambridge University Press platforms.

Books:

• Shvarts S., Kupat- Holim Haclalit, The General Sick Fund, 1911-1937, Ben Gurion Research Center& Ben Gurion University Press, 1997, (Hebrew, 221pp.) https://in.bgu.ac.il/fohs/PrywesCenter/Documents/books/BOOK%20-%20Kupat-Holim%20haClalit.pdf


• Shvarts S., Kupat Holim, The Histadruth and The Government, Ben Gurion University Press & Beith Berl Press 2000, (Hebrew ,288 pp.).
• Shvarts S., The Workers' Health Fund in Eretz Israel, The University of Rochester NY and Boydell& Brewer Press, UK November, 2002, (340 pp.).
      
https://boydellandbrewer.com/9781580461221/the-workers-health-fund-in-eretz-israel/

• Shehory-Rubin Z., Shvarts S., "Hadassah" for the Health of the People, Hasifria Hazionit, Jerusalem, 2003, (Hebrew, 222 pp.).
• Shvarts S., Shehory-Rubin Z., "Hadassah" for the Health of the People, Samuel Watchman's Sons Inc. & Dekel Academic Press, Tel Aviv, 2012, 298 pp.
https://www.amazon.com/Shifra-Shvarts/e/B001JRWTIE%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share


• Doron H., Shvarts S., Medicine in the Community, Ben Gurion University Press, 2004, (Hebrew, 264 pp.).


• Shvarts S., Health and Zionism, The University of Rochester
      NY and Boydell& Brewer Press, UK, 2008, (322 pages).
      
https://boydellandbrewer.com/9781580462792/health-and-zionism/

• Shehory-Rubin Z., Shvarts S., "Alexandra Belkind: A Story of a Pioneering Jewish Woman Doctor", Bahur Pub. 2012 (Hebrew, 157 pp.)

• Shehory-Rubin Z., Shvarts S., "Hadassah" for the Health of the People, Jerusalem, 2012, (Dekel Academic Press, 296 pp.), (Peer review, scientific publication). https://www.amazon.com/Shifra-Shvarts/e/B001JRWTIE%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share


• Doron H., Shvarts S., Vinker A., Family Medicine in Israel, Ben Gurion University Publication and the Bialik Institute, 2014 (Heb. 204 pp.)
• Stoler-Liss, Shvarts.  S., Shani M., 
To Be a Healthy Nations, Ben Gurion University Publication and the Bialik Institute, 2016 (Heb. 338 pp,)
• Bar Oz Y., Bin Nun G., Shvarts S., The Israeli Health Care System on the Operating Table - 25 years to the implementation of the National Health Insurance Law, The National Institute of Health Policy and Health Services Research Publication, 2019. (Heb. 300 pp.) https://www.israelhpr.org.il/publications/

Editorship of collective volumes:

·                     Chinitz D., Cohen J.(editors,) Doron H., Ofer G., Shvarts S., Simchin E., (contributing editors) Government and Health systems, Implications of Differing Involvements, John Wiley & Sons, 1998 (623 pp.)

      

·                     Jotkowitz A., Shvarts S.  Autonomy, Altruism and Authority in Medical Ethics: Essays in Honor of Professor Shimon Glick, Nova Science Publishers Inc. NY, 2015 (205 pp). https://www.amazon.com/Shifra-Shvarts/e/B001JRWTIE%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share

 

·                     Jotkowitz A., Shvarts S., Autonomy, Altruism and Authority in Medical Ethics: Essays in Honor of Professor Shimon Glick, Ben Gurion University Publication 2016, (Hebrew). https://in.bgu.ac.il/fohs/PrywesCenter/Documents/books/%D7%A1%D7%A4%D7%A8%20%D7%92%D7%9C%D7%99%D7%A7%20PDF%20%D7%A1%D7%A8%D7%95%D7%A7.pdf

 

·                     Shvarts S., Bennun G., Haim Doron – My Way in the Health Care System- Conversations and Memories, Ben Gurion Univ. Pub. March 2019 (140 pages). https://in.bgu.ac.il/fohs/PrywesCenter/Documents/books/%D7%A1%D7%A4%D7%A8%20%D7%A4%D7%A8%D7%95%D7%A4%20%D7%97%D7%99%D7%99%D7%9D%20%D7%93%D7%95%D7%A8%D7%95%D7%9F.pdf

 

·                     Shvarts S., Sadetzki S., Ringworm and Irradiation: The Historical, Medical, and Legal Implications of the Forgotten Epidemic, Oxford University Press, 2022

https://www.amazon.com/Shifra- Shvarts/e/B001JRWTIE%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share

 

Chapters in books, collective volumes and Proceedings:

 

·                     Shvarts S., "Health Care System in Israel: An Historical Perspective", in Medicine & Health Care into the 21 Century (S. K. Majumdar, L.M. Rosenfeld, D.B. Nash and A. M. Audeth, Co–Editors), a Publication of The Pennsylvania Academy of Science pp.545-562, 1995.

·                     Shvarts S., "The Development of the Jewish Health Care System in Palestine and Israel During the Twentieth Century", in Jews and Medicine: Religion, Culture, Science, Beth Hatefutsoth, Tel Aviv, pp.257-271,1995.

§     Shvarts S.,"Kupath Holim and Yishuv Health Services", in Health and Disease in the Holy Land, (M. Wasserman, S.S. Kottek, Co-Editors), The Edwin Mellen Press pp.328-360, 1996.

§     Shvarts S, "Dr. Hillel Yaffe (1864-1936)", in Doctors, Nurses, and Medical Practitioners, A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook, (L.N Magner, Editor), Greenwood Press, pp.309-314, 1997.

§     Shvarts S, "Messianism and Politics in the Establishment of Jewish Medical Services in Jerusalem during the 19th Century", in Medicine in Jerusalem through the Ages (Amar Z., Lev E., Schwartz Y.,Co-editors) Eretz Press, Tel Aviv University, pp.129-145,1997 (Heb.)

·                     Shvarts S.,"The Rise of the Salaried Physician Model in Israel", in Governments and Health Care Systems: Implications of Differing Involvements, (D. Chinitz and J. Cohen, editors), John Wiley & Sons, Pub., pp.365-373, 1998.

·                      Shvarts S., "Hillel Yaffe", in The Second Aliya, Biographies (Z.Tzahor eds.), Yad Ben Zvi Press, Jerusalem, pp.217-221, 1998 (Heb.)

·                     Sufian S., Shvarts S., "'Mission of Mercy' and the Ship that Came Too Late: American Jewish Medical Relief to Palestine During World War I", in Jewish Studies at the Turn of the 20th Century, (J.T.Borras and A.Saenz-.Badillos, eds.), Brill, pp.389-397,1999.

·                     Shvarts S, "Kupat Holim and the Histadruth – The Beginnings" in The Histadruth from Workers' Society to Trade Union, (Y. Gorny, A.Bareli  and Y.Greenberg, eds.), the Ben Gurion Research Center, The Institute for Research in the History of Zionism, Tel Aviv University and the Ben Gurion University Press, pp.307-332, 2000, (Heb.).

·                     Shvarts S. Shehory-Rubin Z., "Women Federations for the Mothers and Children in Eretz Israel: The efforts of Hadassah, The federation of Hebrew Women, and WIZO to Establish Mother and Child Stations,1913-1948", in Jewish Women in the Yishuv and Zionism- A Gender Perspective, (M. Shilo, R.Kark, G. Hasan-Rokem, eds.)Yad Ben Zvi, Jerusalem, pp.248-269, 2001, (Heb.).

·                     Reuveni H., Shvarts S., Meir Y., Greenberg D, "The Media as an Avenue of Competition between Sick Funds in Israel Under the Influence of the National Health Insurance Law", in The Changing Face of Health System, (D. Chinitz, editor), Gefen publication, Jerusalem, pp.466-479, 2001.

·                     Rubin Z., Shvarts S., "Teaching the Children Hygiene: The Health Education Work of Hadassah Zionist Women Organization in Palestine during the British Mandate 1918-1948", in the Proceedings of the 37th International Congress on the History of Medicine, (C. Burns, Y.V.Oneille, P.Albou, J.G.Rigau-Perez eds.), UTMB Publications, Galveston, pp.109-112, 2002.

·                     Shvarts S., "Dr. Bruno Moses: The Diary of a Jewish Doctor- Refugee from Nazi Germany in Jerusalem, 1936-1942", in the Proceedings of the 37th International Congress on the History of Medicine, (C. Burns, Y.V.Oneille, P.Albou, J.G.Rigau-Perez eds.), UTMB Publications, Galveston, pp.340-345, 2002.

·                     Shvarts S., "The Political Struggle Over the Establishment of a Central Hospital for the Negev", in The Negev, 50 Years of Progress, Vardimon Memorial Volume, (Porat H. Grados J.,eds.) Ariel Publishing house, Jerusalem,, pp.41-46, 2002, (Heb.).

·                     Goldberg A., Shvarts S, "The Dependency of Mammography on Geography", in Women of the South- Space, Periphery, Gender, (H., Dahan-Calev, N., Yanay, N., Berkovitch, eds.) Ben Gurion Research Institute and the Ben Gurion University Press, pp. 224-238, 2005 (Heb.).

·                     Davidovitch N., Shvarts S., "Health and Zionist Ideology: Medical Selection of Jewish European Immigrants to Palestine", in Facing Illness in Troubled Times, Health in Europe in the Interwar Years 1918-1939, (I. Borowy, W.D. Gruner, eds.), Peter Lang Verlag, pp.409-424, 2005

·                     Shvarts S., Doron H., Davidovitch N., "Between Vision to Deficit, The Historical-Political Struggle over the Enactment of the Law,"in Ten Years of Israel Health Insurance Law 2005-1995, (G. Ben-Nun, G.Ofer, eds.) Israel National Institute of Health Policy and Health Services Research publications, Tel Aviv, pp. 69-106, 2006, (Heb).

·                     Romem P., Shvarts S., "MALBEN- 1949-1954: An Organization in Formation", in A Mission of Compassion and Brotherhood: The Story of Malben-Joint in Israel 1949-1975, (Golander H., Brik Y., Eds), JDC-Eshel, Jerusalem, pp. 45-68, 2005 (Heb.).;

·                     Romem P., Shvarts S.,), "MALBEN 1949-1954, An Organization in Formation ", in A Mission of Compassion and Brotherhood: The Story of Malben-Joint in Israel 1949-1975, (Golander H., Brik Y.,Eds,) JDC-Eshel, Jerusalem,  pp. 51-75, 2008

·                     Shvarts S., Doron H., "Academia, politics and health: the struggle for the establishment of a school of medicine in Beer Sheva", in Sustaining Change in Medical education (Benor D.E.,editor) Ben Gurion University of the Negev Press, Beer Sheva, 2005, pp.60-85.

·                     Doron H., Shvarts S., "The Process of the Establishment of a School of Medicine in Beer Sheva, in Ben Gurion University Book (Grados Y., editor,), 2014.

·                     Blum N., Shvarts S., Daverman K.,"Physical Medicine Hydrotherapy and Balneology in Palestine (1920-1948)", in Analecta Hitorico Medica, (Diamandopoulos A., Viesca C., Tricot J.P., eds.) Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Press, Mexico, 2006, IV, 2006, pp.25-31.

·                     Endevelt R., Shvarts S., "Milestone in Training on Nutrition of Infants and the Struggle Against Infant Mortality Out of Hunger in Israel", in the Proceedings of the 40th International Congress on the History of Medicine, Budapest, 2006, pp.97-100.

·                     Shvarts S, Doron, H., "From the Negev Central Hospital to the Ben Gurion University Faculty of Health Sciences: The struggles to development and academization of the Negev health services", in Beer Sheva, Metropolis in the Making (Grados Y. and Meir E., eds) Ben Gurion University Press., 2008, (Heb.). pp.217-232.

·                     Shvarts S., Shehory-Rubin Z., "On Behalf of Mothers and Children in Eretz Israel- The Activity of Hadassah, the Federation of Hebrew Women, and WIZO to Establish Maternal and Infant Welfare Centers-Tipat Chalav, 1913-1948", in Jewish Women in Pre-State Israel: Life History, Politics and Culture (Ruth Kark, Margalit Shilo and Galit Hasan-Rokem, eds.) Brandeis University Press, 2008. pp.180-192.
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv1k03srv

·                     Shvarts, S., Drori V., Stoler –Liss S.,"Inter¬national health and welfare organizations in Israel: The early years" in Katyn and Switzerland: Forensic Investigators and Investigations in Humanitarian Crises, 1920-2007 (Debons D., Fleury A., Pitteloud J.F., eds.), University of Geneva, Switzerland, 2008, pp.325-334

·                     Shvarts S., Rusetska A., "Advertising in the Health Care System:Competition in the Era of the Compulsory Health Insurance Law", in The Health Care System- Where To? (Doron H., editor), Ben Gurion University Press 2009, pp.275-292(Heb.)

·                     Shvarts S., "Dental Care for All -The Activity of Kupat Holim Haclalit to Establish Public Dental Services in Israel", in The Health Care System- Where To? (Doron H., editor), Ben Gurion University Press ,2009, pp.214-239(Heb.)

·                     Stoler-Liss S., Shvarts S., "Immigrants in Numbers: Ideology, Morbidity and Politics During the Mass Immigration Period 1949-1956", in The Limits of Quantification (Hakak Y., Kascen L., Krumer-Nevo M., eds.), Ben Gurion University Press 2010, pp. 217-243 (Heb.)

·                     Shvarts, S., et el, Health Care System in Israel, In Himanshu Sekhar Rout (Ed.) Health Care Systems: A Global Survey, New Century Publications, New Delhi, 2011, pp. 255-279

·                     Romem P., Boussiba Z., Shvarts S., "Development of Home Care for the Elderly- An Historical Perspective" in Home Care for Frail Older Adults: Issues, Services and Programs, (E. Yakovitch ed.) Eshel-JDC, Jerusalem, 2011, pp.13-39 (Heb.)            

·                     Lubetzky H., Shvarts S., Lubetzky G,Warshawsky-Livne L.,"Social Aspects of Health Service in the Southern-Periphery of Israel" in  Israel: Social, Economic and Political Developments, NOVA Science 2011.

·                     Borkan M.J., Morad M., Shvarts S., "Universal Health Care? The View of Negev Bedouin Arabs on Health Services", in. Bedouin health: Perspectives from the south of Israel (J. Merrick,A. Al-Krenawi, S. Elbedour eds.), NOVA Sciences, 2013. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10837044/

·                     Doron H, Shvarts S., "The Establishment of the Medical School, in "The History of Ben Gurion University in the Negev", (Y. Grados editor,) Ben Gurion University in the Negev Publication, Beer Sheva, 2014, pp.219-247.

·                     Shvarts S., Between Health and Politics-The Roots of the Medico-Ethical Culture in Israel Health Care System and Services (Gil Sigal ed) The Zionisat Library- Bialik Publication, Jerusalem 2015.

·                     Shvarts S., Netzer M., Medicine in Crisis in - Israel health care system during the 4th decade of the State of Israel (Weitz Y., Zamert Z., eds), book chapter, 2016, Yad Ben Zvi,) pp.223-233 (Heb.)

•           Shvarts S., Golan O., Kaplan G., Separate but Equal: Roots of Principles of Equality and Mutual Assistance in the Israeli Health System, in Autonomy, Altruism and Authority in Medical Ethics: Essays in Honor of Professor Shimon Glick (A Jotkowitz and S. Shvarts eds), NOVA Sciences pub. 2015, pp.123-146.
https://www.amazon.com/Shifra-Shvarts/e/B001JRWTIE%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share
•            Shvarts S., Health and Politics Under Fire, Economy at War, Studies on the Civilian Society during the Israeli War of Independence, (Bar-On M., Greenberg I., Chazan M., Yad ben Zvi, 2017, pp.358-389
•             Shvarts S. et al., The JDC and OZE Campaign to Eradicate Ringworm Among the Jewish Communities in East Europe and North Africa, in Ringworm- Historical, Medical and Social Aspects of its Treatment (Shvarts S., Sadetzki S., eds) Ben Gurion University Publication, May 2018, pp.127-168.
 
•              Shvarts S., et al, Ringworm in Israel, in Ringworm- Historical, Medical and Social Aspects of its Treatment (Shvarts S., Sadetzki S., eds) Ben Gurion University Publication, May 2018, pp.289-320.
 
•                Even D., Shvarts S., Ringworm in the Israeli Media - How was the Drama Intensified? in Ringworm- Historical, Medical and Social Aspects of its Treatment (Shvarts S., Sadetzki S., eds) Ben Gurion University Publication, May 2018, pp.491-520.
 
•                Shvarts S., et al., The Tinea Capitis Campaign in Serbia in 1950", in Ringworm- Historical, Medical and Social Aspects of its Treatment (Shvarts S., Sadetzki S., eds.) Ben Gurion University Publication, May 2018, pp.229-248.
https://www.amazon.com/Shifra- Shvarts/e/B001JRWTIE%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share

•                 Shehory-Rubin Z., Shvarts S., "Teaching the Children to Play:The Establishment of the First Playgrounds in Palestine during the British Mandate Period" in "Jewish and Arab Childhood in Israel: A Contributed Volume (Co-Editors: Baram-Eshel, Jayusi ,Younis,Paul-Binyamin) 2022. https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781793635112/Jewish-and-Arab-Childhood-in-Israel-Contemporary-Perspectives

 

7D.  Refereed Articles in Scientific Journals:

·                     Shvarts S., "Etnicity, Religious and Politics in the establishment of Jewish Medical institutions in Jerusalem in the 19th century", Koroth-The Israeli Journal of the History of medicine & Science, 9(7-8)232-242, 1988 (Heb.)

·                     Shvarts S., "Shaar- Zion Hospital in Jaffa", Koroth-The Israeli Journal of the History of medicine & Science, 9(9-10)292-308, 1989. (Heb.)

·                     Shvarts S.," Dr. Bernstein-Cohen: A Physician, a Zionist and a Fighter", Harefuah-Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 123(11)494-496,1992) (Heb.)

·                     Michlin A., Shvarts S., "The Nature of Relations Between Jerusalem Hospitals "Bikur Holim" and" Misgav Ladach", During the 19th Century", Koroth-The Israeli Journal of the History of medicine & Science, 9(11-12)409-423, 1992, (Heb.

·                     Shvarts S., "According to Need or Ability, 67 Years Since the First Kupat Holim Commission of Inquiry and the Initiative for a National Health Insurance Law", Harefuah-Journal of the Israel Medical Association,126(6)351-354,1994 (Heb.).

·                     Shvarts S., "Kupat Holim: The Worker's Sick Fund in Early XXth Century Israel", The Sigerist Circle Newsletter, 7:5-8, 1994.

·                     Shvarts S.,"Who Will Ensure the Health of the Worker? The Hebrew Workers' Sick Funds During the First World War", Cathedra-Journal for the History of Eretz Israel and its Yishuv, 74:120-139,1994(Heb.)

·                     Shvarts S," Who Will Take Care of the People's Health in Palestine, Bitachon Sociali-Journal of Welfare and Social Security Studies, 43:5-23, 1995 (Heb.).

·                     Shvarts S.,"The Political Struggle Over the Establishment of the Central Medical Center in the Negev", Eyunim Betkumat Israel-Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel, 5:388-412, 1995 (Heb.).

·                     Shvarts S., "The Hadassah-Kupat Holim Controversy Over the 'Poor Certificate' in Early 20th Century Eretz Israel", Bitachon Sociali-Journal of Welfare and Social Security Studies, 44:58-76, 1995(Heb.)

·                     Shvarts S., "Who Will Take Care of the Workers? The Establishment of "Kupat Holim", the Workers' Sick Fund in Israel, 1911-1921", The Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 4(50)525-556, 1995.

·                     Shvarts S., "Charity or Social Rights? The controversy over the hospitalization of members of the Jewish Labor Federation in Palestine 1926-1928", Israel Journal of Medical Sciences, 32(3-4):248-253,1996.)

·                     Shvarts S., "Anniversary of the Physician's Revolt in Beilinson Hospital", Harefuah-Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 133(5-6)232-237, 1997(Heb.).

·                     Shvarts S., "Religiose Werte und Gesundheitswesen, Die Errichtung der ersten judischen Krankenhauser in Jerusalem", Historia Hospitalium 20:144-161,1997.

·                     Shvarts S.," B'nai B'rith- Shaar Zion Hospital in Jaffa (1891-1921)- The First Jewish Community Hospital in Palestine", Judaism-A Quarterly Journal of Jewish Life& Thought, 187,47(3):358-370, 1998.

·                     Shehory-Rubin Z., Shvarts S., "The 'Guggenheimer- Hadassah Playgrounds' in 1920s", Cathedra -Journal for the History of Eretz Israel and its Yishuv, 86:75-98, 1998(Heb).

·                     Shvarts S., "Who will take care for the health of the people? The Activity of the American Zionist Medical Unit to Establish Public Health Services in Palestine during the Early British Mandate, 1918-1921", Eyunim Betkumat Israel-Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel, 8:320-346, 1998(Heb).

·                     Shvarts S., and Theodore Brown, "Kupat Holim, Dr. Isaac Max Rubinow, and the American Zionist Medical Unit's Experiment to Establish Health Care Services in Palestine 1918-1923", Bulletin of the History of Medicine,72(1)28-46, 1998.

·                     Shvarts S., "Health Reform in Israel- Seventy Years of Struggle", Social History of Medicine, 11(01)73-88,1998.

·                     Shvarts S., "Women Federations for the mothers in Eretz Israel: The Activity of 'Hadassha', 'Hebrew Women Federation' and 'WIZO' for the establishment of Maternal and Children Welfare Centers in Eretz Israel,1918-1948", Bitachon Sociali-Journal of Welfare and Social Security Studies, 51:57-81, 1998(Heb.).

·                     Shvarts S., "The Hadassah Physicians' "Plot"- from Socialist's principles to private practice", Harefuah-Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 135(9)401-407, 1998(Heb.).

·                     Shvarts S., David A. Frenkel, "Nurses in Israel:The Struggle for Regulating the   Profession", Clinical Excellence for Nurse Practitioners, 2(6) 376-382,1999.

·                     Shvarts S., David L.A. de Leeuw, Shalom Granit, Jochanan Benbassat, "From Socialist Principles to Motorcycle Maintenance: The Origin and the Development of the Salaried Physicians Model in Israel Public Health Services,1918 to1998", American Journal of Public Health, 89(2)248-253, 1999.

·                     Uziel E., Shvarts S., Bar-David J., "Termination of Pregnancy Commissions- Aspects of Decision-making Procedures in an Interdisciplinary Team under the Penal Law (Termination of Pregnancy) ,1977", Bitachon Sociali-Journal of Welfare and Social Security Studies, 57:103-129, 2000(Heb.).

·                     Borkan M.J., Morad M., Shvarts S., "Universal Health Care? The View of Negev Bedouin Arabs on Health Services", Health Policy and Planning,15(2):207-216, 2000.

·                     Shvarts S., "The Development of Mother and Infant Welfare Centers in Israel, 1854 -1954", Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 55:398-425, 2000.

·                     Shvarts S., " Medical Selection or Free Immigration to Israel", Harefuah-Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 139(11-12):476-482, 2000(Heb.).

·                     Reuveni H., Shvarts S., Meyer Y., Elhayany A, Greenberg D., "HMOs Newspaper Advertising by Health Maintenance Organizations during the Reform of Healthcare Services in Israel", Israel Medical Association Journal, 3:422-426, 2001.

·                     Globus O., Shvarts S., Baum J., Shachaf Z., "From Beilison to Tel Hashomer-Historical Marks to the Development of the Sheba Medical Center 1948-1953". Harefuah-Journal of the Israel Medical Association ,140(9):883-890, 2001(Heb.).

·                     Goldberg A., Shvarts S., Pliskin J.S., "Health Care Management Training for Physicians in Israel", Israel Medical Management Association Journal,1:19-21, 2001.

·                     Toker A., Reuveni H., Yermiahu T., Leiberman A., Gurman G., Porat A., Schlaeffer P., Shvarts S., Kapelushnik J., "The need for routine pre-operative coagulation screening tests (prothrombin time PT/partial thromboplastin time PTT) for healthy children undergoing elective tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy"., International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 61:217-222, 2001.

·                     Shvarts S., "The Birth of Israel Health Care System:An American Mother and a Russian Father", Koroth-The Israeli Journal of the History of medicine & Science, 16:9-30, 2002.

·                     Greenstein O., Elhayani A., Goldberg A., Shvarts S., "Complementary Medicine in Israel", The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 8(4):437-443, 2002.

·                     Davidovitch N., Shvarts S., "Immigration, Health and the Israeli Melting Pot", Eyunim Betkumat Israel-Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel, 13:181-202, 2003(Heb.).    

·                     Romem P., Reizer H., Romem Y., Shvarts S., "The Provision of Modern Medical Services to a Nomadic Population: A Review of Medical Services to the Bedouins of Southern Sinai during the Israel Rule from 1967-1982". Israel Medical Association Journal, 4:306-308, 2002.

·                     Shvarts S., "Politics and Health: The Steps for the Development of the Hebrew Sick Funds in Palestine during the British Mandate Rule", Eyunim Betkumat Israel-Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel. pp.553-582, 2003(Heb.).

·                       Cicurel A., Shvarts S. "Stuttering in antiquity- Moses and Demosthenes", Vesalius-Journal of the International Society for the History of Medicine, 9(2):15-18, 2003.

·                      Shvarts S., Borkan J., Muhammad M., Sherf M., "The Government of Israel and the Health Care of the Negev Bedouin Under Military Government, 1948-1966." Medical History,47: 47-66, 2003.

·                      Endwelt R., Blau A., Nevel A., Shvartsman P., Shvarts S., "Mothers Know Best", Harefuah-Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 142(11):728-733, 2003(Heb.) (ci-2).

·                      Horev T., Babad Y., Shvarts S., "Evolution of a Healthcare Reform: The Israeli Experience", International Journal Health Care Technology and Management, 5(6):463-473, 2003.

·                     Ben Haim E.,Shvarts S., Glick S., Kaufman I., "The Development of the Ombudsman as an Institute within the Health Services Framework in Israel", Bitachon Sociali-Journal of Welfare and Social Security Studies, 64:67-82, 2003 (Heb.).

·                      Zigdon A., Shvarts S., Goldberg A., "Characteristic Levels of Job Satisfaction and Erosion of Job Satisfaction Due to Shift Work Styles Among Hospital Nurses in Israel", Logistics in Health Care, 2:79-86, 2004(Heb.)

·                      Lubetzky H., Shvarts S, Merrick J., Vardi G., Galil A., "The Use of Developmental Rehabilitation Services, Comparison between Bedouins and Jews in the South of Israel", The ScientificWorld Journal, 4:186-192, 2004.

·                      Toker A., Shvarts S., Perry Z.H., Doron Y., Reuveni H., "Clinical Guidelines, Defensive Medicine, and the Physician between the Two", American Journal of Otolaryngology, 25(4):245-50, 2004.

·                      Schwartz-Ilan D., Shvarts S., Peled R, Pliskin J., Goldberg A., "From the Natanyahu State Commission to a Management Tasks in the Israeli Health System", Harefuah, Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 143(10):718-721, 2004(Heb.)

·                      Davidovitch N., Shvarts S., "Health and Hegemony: Preventive Medicine, Immigrants and the Israeli Melting Pot", Israel Studies, 9(2):150-179, 2004.

·                     Stoler-Liss S., Shvarts S., "Fighting Ignorance and Backward Habits"-Doctors and Nurses Attitudes towards New Immigrants during the Mass Immigration Period 1950s", Israel – Journal for the Study of Zionism and the State of Israel History, Society, Culture,6:31-62, 2004(Heb).

·                      Lubetzky H., Shvarts S., Galil A., Tesler H., Vardi G., Merrick J., "Impact of Copayment   Requirements on Therapy Utilization for Children with Developmental Disabilities in Israeli Jewish and Arab Bedouin Population", Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 1(3-4)164-168, 2004.

·                      Shvarts S., Davidovitch N., Seidelman R., Goldberg A., "Medical Selection and the Debate over Mass Immigration in the New State of Israel (1948-1954)", Canadian Bulletin of the History of Medicine,22(1):5-34,2005.  

·                      Blum N., Shvarts S., Ohry A., Morag E., Linn S., "Historical Aspects in the Establishment of the Physiotherapy Association in Israel", Physiotherapy,7(1):20-23, 2005 (Heb.).

·                      Bar-Dayan Y., Elishkevits K., Grotto I., Goldstein L., Goldberg A., Shvarts S., Levin A., Ohana N., Onn E., Levi Y., Bar-Dayan Y., "The prevalence of obesity and associated morbidity among 17-year-old Israeli conscripts", Public Health, 119:385-389, 2005. (If-0.986).

·                      Shvarts S., Davidovitch N., "Medicine, Society and Politics, Israel Health Insurance Law as a Test Case", Eyunim Betkumat Israel -Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel, 15:431-475, 2005(Heb).

·                      Schwartz-Ilan D., Goldberg A. Pliskin J.S., Peled R., Shvarts S., " Integration of Health Systems Management Bachelor Program Graduates into the Israeli Health Care Market", The Journal of Health Administration Education, 22(3):345-358, 2005.

·                      Lubetzky H., Shvarts S., Galil A., Tesler H., Vardi G., and Merrick J., "Does Co-Payment for Services Decrease Utilization of Rehabilitation Services for Children with Developmental Disabilities?", Journal of Disability and International Development, 16(3)115-116, 2005.

·                      Levi I., Goldberg A., Vinker S., Shvarts S., "Linkage between the Israeli Defence Force Primary Care Physicians Demography and Usage of Secondary Medical Services and Laboratory Tests", Military Medicine, 170(10)836-840, 2005.

·                      Torgovicky R., Goldberg A., Shvarts S., Bar-Dayan Y., Onn E., Levy Y., Bar- Dayan Y., "Application of Porter's Generic Strategies in Ambulatory Health Care: a Comparison of Managerial Perceptions in Two Israeli Sick Funds", Health Care Management Rev. 30(1):17-23, 2005.

·                      Stoler-Liss S., Shvarts S., "'Die medizinischen Grunde sind wie alle wissen, hochst subjective' Schwangerschaftsabbruch, Arzte und der Prozess des Nation-Building in Israel", Fremdkorper,16(3):53-68, 2005 (Ger.)

·                      Blum N., Shvarts S., Ohry A., "The Foundation of the First Civil Rehabilitation Center by Hadassah Organization During the War of Independence", Harefuah, Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 145(10):773-776, 2006. (Heb.).

·                      Morad M., Shvarts S., Merrick J., Borkan J., "The Influence of Israel Health Insurance Law on the Negev Bedouin Population- A Survey Study", The ScientificWorld Journal, 6:81-95, 2006.

·                      Davidovitch N., Seidelman R., Shvarts S, "Contested Bodies: Medicine, public health and mass immigration to Israel", Hagar- Studies in Culture, Polity Identities, 6(2)35-58, 2006.

·                     Nisanhotz-Ganot R., Shvarts S., Shani S., "The Mutual Relationship between Medical Doctors and Pharmaceutical Companies- in Israel and Aboard", Medicine and Law, 34:93-111., 2006(Heb.)

·                      Mansbach-Kleinfeld I., Sasson R., Shvarts S., Grinshpoon A.," What Education Means to People with Psychiatric Disabilities: A Content Analysis", American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation,.10:301-316, 2006.

·                      Grinshpoon A., Friger M., Orev Y.,Shvarts S., Kaplan Z., Abramowitz M., Ponizovsky A.," Relative Perceptions of the Needs of Inpatients with Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorders", Isr. J. Psychiatry Relat. Sci., 45(3):201–209, 2008

·                      Piper I., Shvarts S., Lurie S., "Women's preferences for their gynecologist or obstetrician", Patient Education & Counseling 72:109-114, 2008

·                      Shehory-Rubin Z., Shvarts S., "School Nurse: Changes in her status since the pre-dtate period to this day", Body of Knowledge, Israel Journal of Nurseing Research, 5:32-40, 2008 (Heb.)

·                      Stoler-Liss S., Shvarts S., "Body against Body: Nurses and Women-Immigrants at the Israeli Birth and Contraceptive Arena 1949-1956” Israeli Sociology,11(1):91-113, 2009 (Heb.)

·                      Shvarts S., Romem P., Romem I., Shani M., "The forgotten ringworm campaign of OSE-TOZ in Poland", Harefua, Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 48(4):265-270, 2009. (Heb.).

·                      Shvarts S., "To Raise a Healthy Generation in Our Country: 60 Years of Public Health Policy in Israel", Medicine and Law, 40:8-21, 2009 (Heb.)

·                      Stoler-Liss S., Shvarts S., "Muted Voices: Immigrants Women’s Experiences of Medical Encounters During Mass Immigration to Israel in the 1950s", Sociological Papers, 14:114-128, 2009.

·                      Stoler-Liss-S., Shvarts S., "The Hygiene of the Women Life- Gender, Nationality and Work in the Writings of the Gynecologist Dr. Miriam Aharonova (1889-1967)", Eyunim Betkumat Israel -Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel, 21:85-105, 2011. (Heb.)

·                      Shvarts S., Doron H., Sherf M.,The struggle over the establishment of the central hospital in the Negev -the Soroka Medical Center, Harefua, Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 149(3):131-135, 2010(Heb.).

·                      Shehory-Rubin Z., Shvarts S., "Teaching the Children to Play: The Establishment of the First Playgrounds in Palestine During the British Mandate, 1918-1948", Israel Studies,15(2):24-48, 2010

·                      Toker A., Shvarts S., Glick S., Reuveni H., "A Report Card on the Physician Work Force: Israeli health care market- Past experience and future prospects", Health Policy, 97(1):38-43, 2010.

·                      Nisanhotz-Ganot R., Segev S., Shvarts S., The Influence of the Relationship between Physicians and Pharmaceutical Companies on the Patient from the Point of View of Policy-Makers in Israel, Harefua, Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 149(11):688-692, 2010

·                      Seidelman R., Troen I., Shvarts S., "'Healing' the bodies and souls of immigrant children: The Ringworm and Trachoma Institute, Sha'ar ha-Aliyah, 1952-1960," The Journal of Israeli History, 29(2):191-211, 2010.

·                       Shvarts S., Sevo G., Tasic M., Shani M., Sadetzki S., "The Tinea Capitis Campaign in Serbia in 1950s", The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 10(8):571-576, 2010.

·                       Lubetzky H., Friger M., Warshawsky-Livne L., Shvarts S., Distance and Socio-Economical level as a Health Service Predictor on the Periphery of the Southern Region of Israel, Health Policy, 100:310–316, 2011.

·                      Schwartz-Ilan, D., Shvarts S., Gross R, "Health Insurance in Israel - from Pluralistic Model to a Tier Model", Social Security, 86:9-40, 2011(Heb.)

·                      Shvarts S., Golan O., Kaplan G., Equal or "more equal" than others – Key aspects of the development of the concept of equality in health services in the Jewish community of pre-state Israel, Medicine and Law, 44(7)10-25, 2011(Heb.)                   

·                      Shvarts S., et al. The mass campaign to eradicate ringworm among the Jewish community in Eastern Europe 1921-1938, American Journal of Public Health. 2013, 103(4): e56-e66.

·                      Shvarts S., "Parekh"(Ringworm in Yiddish) on the Head:  The Campaign to Eradicate Ringworm among the Jewish Community of Eretz-Israel during the British Mandate Period, Cathedra, 153:1-26, 2014. (Heb.)

·                     Netzer M., Shvarts S.,From Socialist principles to the Amorai Committee-The development of the salaried physician's model in Israel health care system, Medicine and Law, 48:172-196, 2015.

·                      Berman-Kishony T., Shvarts S., "Universal versus tailored solutions for alleviating disruptive behavior in hospitals", Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, Sept. 2015.

·                     DOI: 10.1186/s13584-015-0018-7 URL:

http://www.ijhpr.org/content/4/1/26

·                     Shvats S., 43 years for the Establishment of the Ben Gurion Unviersity School of Medicine, Harefua, Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 2017, 156(6) 390-393.

·                     Benharroch D., Shvarts S., Shelef I., Will the computerized tomography scanner and the magnetic resonance imaging terminate the era of the autopsy, the infinite medical teacher, Journal of Cancer, 2016,7(1):115-120

·                     Clarfield, M., Manor O., Binnun G., Shvarts S., Azzam Z., Afek A., Basis F., Israeli A.  Health and health care in Israel: an introduction, The Lancet, May 2017, 7-17. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)30636-0/fulltext?code=lancet-site

·                      Ben-Haim E. Berlovich I,,Shvarts S,:" who will guard the National Insurance Health Care Act-–Historical Guideline of the Ombudsman Institution for the Implementation of the National Insurance Health Care Act" Journal of Medicine and Law, 2018, pp.17-28. (Heb).

·                      Shehori-Rubin Z., Shvarts S., School Physician: Medical and Educational Mission in the Jewish Community in Israel During the Ottoman and the British Mandate Period, 1900-

1948 Koroth, 2018, Volume 24, pp. 53-79. (Heb.)

·                      Bavli I., Shvarts S., "Deadly Medicine" - Michael Reese's Pandora's Box and the Campaign to Warn the Public of the Late Health Effects of Ionizing Radiation in the United States, American Journal of Public Health, March 2019, Vol 109, No. 3 p.398-405.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366520/

·                      Karpas Z., Shvarts S., PhD Memories from Africa- Memories of a Jewish rural doctor in South Africa during the 1930s and 1940s, Harefua- Journal of the Israel Medical Association, 158(11) 2019, (Heb.).

·                       Yeshua-Katz D., Shvarts S., Segal-Engelchin D., Hierarchy of hair loss stigma: media portrayals of cancer, alopecia areata, and ringworm in Israeli Newspapers, Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2019 8:72  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6720986/

·                       Hoffer, L., Shvarts, S. & Segal-Engelchin, D. Hair loss due to scalp ringworm irradiation in childhood: health and psychosocial risks for women. Isr. J Health Policy Res. 9, 34 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13584-020-00393-2

·                       Even D., Shvarts S., Engelchin-Segal, D., Medical Social Workers as Mediators between Patients, Physicians, and the Court: The Case of Former Ringworm Patients, , Social Work in Health Care , Volume 59 Issue 8 . https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/J6XFXWIEQ9XYDV8ITFBS/full?target=10.1080/00981389.2020.1822488

·                       Segal-Engelchin D., Shvarts S., Does Severity of Hair Loss Matter? Factors Associated with Mental Health Outcomes in Women Irradiated for Tinea Capitis in Childhood, Int. J. Enviro. Res. and Public Health, 10 October 2020.

https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/20/7388/pdf

·                       Liat Hoffer, Netta Achdut, Shifra Shvarts, Dorit Segal-Engelchin, Gender differences in psychosocial outcomes of hair loss resulting from childhood irradiation for tinea capitis, International Journal of Environmental Research 23 July 2021)

https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/15/7825

 

Research Grants:

 

·         1995-1997 The Israel Ministry of Science and Arts Research Fund, Ben Bassat Y. (PI), Shvarts S. (PI), Borkan J. (PI), Morad M., Health Policy and Consumer Satisfaction Among the Bedouins Community in the Negev ($27,968)

·         1998-2000 The Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Shvarts S. (PI), Reuveni H. (PI), Meir Y. (PI), The Competition Among the Israeli Sick Funds, a three years research and follow up ($92,265).

·         2001-2002 The Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Shvarts S. (PI), Ben Haim E., Kaufman I., The influence of Israel health insurance law on the development of the Ombudsman institute in health services-a comparative analysis ($17,567)

·         2000-2002 The Danona Foundation, Shvarts S. (PI), Indwelt R. (PI), Development of Nutrition Services in Israel, ($17,985)

·         2004-2005 The Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Gidron B. (PI), Shvarts S. (PI), Ruvio A., Characteristics and Functions of Nonprofit Organizations in the Field of Health in Israel. ($19,497)

·         2004-2007 The Israel Science Foundation (ISF), Shvarts S. (PI), Tzahor Z. (PI), Health and Health Policy during the Mass Immigration Period in Israel, 1948-1956, ($50,308).

·         2010-2011 The Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Warshavsky-Livne & Lubetsky H., (PIs), Shvarts S., Goldfarb D., Assessment of the Needs of the Primary-Care Physician in the Southern Periphery of Israel ($27,000).

·         2016-2017The Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Shvarts S., (PI), "Pioneers and Founders"- Preserving the historical memory of Israel health system leaders during the National Health Insurance Law era, ($18,000)

·         2016-2019 The Israel Science Foundation (ISF 611/16) , Shvarts S.(PI), Segal- Engelchin D., (PI) Silenced Voices: Women Treated by Irradiation for Ringworm in the 1950s - Historical, Health and Psychosocial Perspectives ($160,000).

·         2016-2017 Program to Advance Multidisciplinary Research at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Hair Loss Stigma: Comparative Analysis of Media Portrayals and Psychosocial Experiences of Women with Treatment–Induced or Disease-Related Hair Loss, Dr. Daphna Yeshua-Katz (PI), Prof. Shifra Shvarts, Prof. Dorit Segal- Engelchin, ($15,000).

·         2017-2019 The Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Shvarts S., (PI), "The health system on the operating table - conversations with experts about the health system in Israel. ($37,000)  

 

Existing collaborations

  • Prof. Mordechai Shani, Tel Aviv University, the history of Israel public health policy.
  • Prof. Abraham Seidmann, Ph. D., Director for Health Analytics and Digital Health at the Digital Business Institute, Boston University, Questrom School of Business
  • Dr. Bavli Itai, Public Health, history, and Political Science (Interdisciplinary Studies), The University of British Columbia, Canada and the Department of the History of Science Harvard University.

Suggested multi-disciplinary research project / research focus topics

  • Development of public health services 20th century.
  • Medical Social Workers as Mediators between Patients, Physicians, and the Court.
  • The use of irradiation for the treatment of ringworm, an epidemic that was spread mainly among poor children in different countries in the first half of the 20th century.